After getting pulled over and receiving a citation, the first question that many people have is, does a citation go on your record?
The key is understanding what records will include a citation and how long it will remain.
There is a difference between a driving record and a criminal record. But, since many people associate law enforcement involvement with crimes, it can be confusing. Common questions include:
In general, a written citation will go on an individual’s driving record, at least for a while. But, it won’t be present on a criminal record unless the violation classifies as a misdemeanor or felony.
BUT, there are a number of factors that determine what records will include a citation, and how long it will stay there and be able to be seen by potential employers, insurance companies and others who search public records.
This guide explains all the ins and outs of being cited by police, so that drivers can know the real answer to “does a citation go on your record?”
Related Reading: Do traffic violations show up on criminal background checks?
Is a Citation a Ticket or a Warning? Driving Ticket Vs Citation
A ticket and a citation are essentially the same things. Individuals who break traffic laws and are stopped by the police will likely receive a citation for violating the law. This is generally done for minor traffic offenses such as failing to stop completely at a stop sign, or minor speeding offenses.
The key is whether the car was in motion during the infraction. For example, a parking ticket will not show up on a driver record or criminal record because the vehicle was not in motion.
If a law enforcement officer chooses to issue a warning instead of a citation for a moving violation, the warning given will usually be verbal. This means that there is nothing else for the individual that committed the traffic offense to do and there will generally be no record of the offense ever occurring.
There is one expectation to this however, certain states now require officers to issue written warnings, mainly so that there is an official record that the stop was made.
Although citations are fairly simple, there are still plenty of questions like “How will a citation affect my insurance”, and “does a citation go on your record”.
What Does it Mean to be Given a Citation?
Being given a citation is basically being asked to pay a fine for committing a crime. When most people talk about being given a citation, they are referring to the fine they have to pay after violating a traffic law and being issued a ticket by a law enforcement officer that witnessed the violation.
Although not extremely serious, individuals who have been issued a citation have technically committed a crime. However, when it comes to traffic laws there are additional levels of punishment based on the crime.
Although many people think of crimes as either being a misdemeanor or a felony, when it comes to traffic laws most states make an additional distinction.
This is often referred to as a traffic violation and is used for minor traffic infractions such as speeding 10 mph over the speed limit. However, more serious traffic infractions such as driving a specific amount over the speed limit are considered misdemeanors in many states. For example, in Colorado, it is a misdemeanor to drive 25 mph over the speed limit.
Does a Citation Go on Your Insurance?
Besides the question of “does a citation go on your record? Many people’s other major concern is how it will affect insurance. Whether or not a citation will go on your car insurance depends on a few factors but in general, the car insurance provider will be notified and your insurance premiums will likely rise as a result. This generally occurs for traffic citations such as speeding, running a red light, etc. whereas parking citations are unlikely to affect your insurance.
Does a Citation Go On Your Driving Record?
Yes, a traffic citation will almost always go on your driving record. Any traffic citation that an individual receives and pays will automatically go on your driving record.
However, there is one main way in which a citation will be issued but not appear on a driving record.
When receiving a citation for violating a traffic law, the “innocent until proven guilty,” principle still applies. This means that individuals have the right to take the citation before a judge and argue their case as to why the ticket was given in error or any number of reasons that the citation should be voided.
In this case, the citation will be dropped and it will be removed from the record, similar to when charges are dropped before a criminal trial.
Keep in mind that paying the citation is essentially an admission of guilt and will result in the citation going on your record.
When people ask, does a citation go on your record? They are likely referring to their driving record, but keep in mind that more serious traffic offenses that amount to a misdemeanor will also show up on an individual’s criminal record.
Does a Non-Traffic Citation Go on Your Record?
Generally, only traffic citations will go on your driving record.
Things like parking tickets or tickets given for expired license plates will not be present on a driving record.
Does a Parking Citation Go on Your Record?
Parking citations will not go on your driving record. Since the citation does not reflect on the driving safety of the individual it will not show up on a record.
There is also the additional issue of parking citations being given when the car is unoccupied, meaning there is no way to tell who was driving the car previously and a citation will not be given out based on a guess.
Are Citations Permanent?
Whether or not a citation is permanent will depend entirely on the jurisdiction where the citation was issued. Many states have a point system to keep track of driving offenses.
In these states, it is fairly common to allow individuals to lower the number of points they’ve accumulated to avoid any negative effects of having too many points on their record, such as their license being suspended. However, even in states with a point system, there will still be a record of the offense, even if the offense is no longer affecting their driving record.
Other states will remove citations from an individual record entirely after a certain amount of time, usually 2 years or more.
Furthermore, there is still the issue of what the citation was for. Minor offenses are more likely to be removed than those that are more serious.
How Do You Get Out of a Citation?
There are a number of different ways to get out of a citation, depending on the jurisdiction. Some states will allow for an appeals process, however, every state will allow individuals to contest citations in court.
Generally, there will be instructions on how to do so on the citation itself. Usually, the process amounts to pleading not guilty to the charges, such as speeding. From there an arraignment date will be set and the individual will need to appear in court before a judge and plead their case.
Keep in mind that the officer that issued the citation will also likely be present and they will likely have evidence of the offense occurring.
What is the State ‘Point’ System for Drivers?
Some states have implemented a point system in recent years to more effectively keep track of traffic violations being committed by an individual. Although every state is different, the system usually works like this:
- A point value is assigned to every kind of traffic violation.
- When an individual violates a traffic law, the corresponding amount of points is added to their driver’s license.
- If an individual accumulates too many points in a certain time frame, their license will be suspended.
Each state is different but usually, the process works similarly to what has been outlined above. This is done to help get dangerous and reckless drivers off the streets while assigning different values to different offenses since traveling 30 mph over the speed limit is more serious and dangerous than rolling through a stop sign.
Getting a citation can be a frustrating experience and one that will often lead to more stress as questions continually pop up. Things like “does a citation go on your record?” And “how will this affect my insurance?” are all simple questions to answer as long as individuals know their local laws.